Augmentation of Vortex Cavitator Performance by the Use of Co-Directional Swirl of the Flux after Vortex Chamber

Ivanov, Evgeniy Gennadievich and Gorbunov, Boris Ivanovich and Pasin, Alexander Valentinovich and Aryutov, Boris Alexandrovich and Novozhilov, Alexei Ivanovich (2019) Augmentation of Vortex Cavitator Performance by the Use of Co-Directional Swirl of the Flux after Vortex Chamber. Progress in Agricultural Engineering Sciences, 15 (1). pp. 1-22. ISSN 1786-335X


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Abstract Background: Acoustic cavitation is the creation and collapse of cavitation caverns in liquid in an acoustic field with a frequency of f = 1–3 kHz. The acoustic-cavitation processes manifest themselves during the collapse phase, with high pressure gradient continuum deformation, with a multiple transformation of energy forms. Liquid whistles are widely used to create an acoustic field of high power, but their efficiency only reaches 6–12%. We propose a liquid whistle in the form of a vortex cavitator (analogue of the Ranque vortex tube) with a rotating body in which a reduction in the input power is predicted. Objective: Verification of feasibility of using a rotating body in a vortex cavitator with a rotation co-directional to the operational pump impeller. Method: The method for identifying the feasibility of using a rotating body is to exclude body from the prototype and directly connect vortex chamber outlet with the pump inlet, which ensures the most complete preservation of co-directional vortex component of the flux entering the pump impeller. Results: The results of experimental studies confirmed the validity of the hypothesis to a greater extent, since we achieved an increase in pressure at the outlet of the pump and a decrease in power at the drive relative to the original design. Conclusions: The feasibility of designing the vortex cavitator body with rotation capability has been established, which will provide a reduction in input power of at least 30% by a rotation of the body, co-directional with the impeller.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: S Agriculture / mezőgazdaság > S1 Agriculture (General) / mezőgazdaság általában
T Technology / alkalmazott, műszaki tudományok > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) / általános mérnöki tudományok
Depositing User: Eszter Bálint
Date Deposited: 17 Mar 2020 11:25
Last Modified: 31 Dec 2020 00:47

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