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Archaeological sites of the Süttő Travertine Complex (Hungary) with stratigraphical and paleoecological implications from their faunas

Pazonyi, Piroska (2014) Archaeological sites of the Süttő Travertine Complex (Hungary) with stratigraphical and paleoecological implications from their faunas. Quaternary International, 326-27. pp. 184-190. ISSN 10406182

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Abstract

The Süttő Travertine Complex in northern Hungary is known in the geological literature for more than a century as a series of paleontological sites. This site is one of the largest travertine occurrences of the Gerecse Hills. Loose Upper Pleistocene eolian sediments (mainly Riss-Würmian loess and Holocene topsoil) cover the eroded surface of the travertine. Beside vertebrate assemblages, two archaeological sites were described from this area. One of them (Süttő-Diósárok) was a Paleolithic fire pit situated in the road cut between Süttő and the quarries, while the other one was discovered in a fissure of the northern wall of Diósvölgy Quarry. The latter is part of the so called Süttő 1 vertebrate site. Vértes (1965) referred the artifacts from Süttő-Diósárok to the Moustérian (Tata Culture). This site is referred here to MIS 5c, based on the vertebrate and snail faunas representing warm and dry climate, and steppe-like vegetation, as well as on the tool-bearing dark brown chernozem-like paleosoil layer of the loess-paleosoil sequence, with a luminescence age of 93.7±21.1 ka. Artificially fractured bones were excavated from the small cavity of Süttő 1. Some of those remains displays toolmarks. Unfortunately, these elaborated bones are currently missing from the collection. According to Vértes (1965), the latter artifactsmost likely belong to a level, which pre-dates the Tata Culture. Paleoecological inferences of the present paper based on the mammalian and mollusc faunas indicated warm, humid climate and forest vegetation, therefore suggest a a stratigraphic correlation of Süttő 1 with the Eemian interglacial (MIS 5e).

Item Type: Article
Subjects: D History General and Old World / történelem > D1 Prehistory / őstörténet
D History General and Old World / történelem > DN Middle Europe / Közép-Európa > DN1 Hungary / Magyarország
Q Science / természettudomány > QH Natural history / természetrajz > QH540 Ecology / ökológia
SWORD Depositor: MTMT SWORD
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 27 Mar 2014 09:50
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2014 13:39
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/11174

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