Antioxidant properties assessment of the cones of conifers through the combined evaluation of multiple antioxidant assays

Hofmann, Tamás and Visi-Rajczi, Eszter and Albert, Levente (2020) Antioxidant properties assessment of the cones of conifers through the combined evaluation of multiple antioxidant assays. INDUSTRIAL CROPS AND PRODUCTS, 145. p. 111935. ISSN 0926-6690

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Wood logging generates considerable amounts of waste biomass (e.g. cones, bark, leaves, and roots), worthwile to use, as a potential source of antioxidants. Polyphenols represent an important type of non-enzymatic antioxidants in plants. Current data in scientific literature regarding the antioxidant content of coniferous cones and the antioxidant concentrations at different ripening stages is limited and have not been investigated in detail yet. Our investigation aimed to implement an ultrasonic extraction method for the assessment and comparison of the antioxidant polyphenol content of conifer cones: six arbitrarily selected taxa (Cedrus atlantica, Larix decidua, Picea abies, Pinus nigra, Pseudotsuga menziesii, Tsuga canadensis) commonly found in Hungary were investigated in the present study, which provides methodology for future investigations. The comparison of green, mature, and opened cones were carried out for each taxon. Folin-Ciocâlteu total phenol content, ferric reducing ability of plasma (FRAP) and 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) assays were used to assess the antioxidant properties. The 30�min ultrasonic extraction using acetone:water 80:20 v/v solution resulted in the optimum yield on total polyphenols, FRAP, and DPPH. Best values were found for green cones, followed by mature, and opened cones for each species. Overall antioxidant power was determined by a scoring system that combined the three assay results. Taxa with the highest scores were Picea abies and Tsuga Canadensis, which contained high amounts of antioxidants in both green and mature cones and, surprisingly, also in opened cones (P. abies). Results provide a basis for future investigation and comparison involving a large number of taxa.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Coniferous cones, Extraction optimization, Antioxidants, Polyphenols, FRAP, DPPH
Subjects: S Agriculture / mezőgazdaság > SB Plant culture / növénytermesztés
S Agriculture / mezőgazdaság > SD Forestry / erdőgazdaság
T Technology / alkalmazott, műszaki tudományok > TP Chemical technology / vegyipar, vegyészeti technológia
Depositing User: Dr Tamás Hofmann
Date Deposited: 24 Sep 2020 09:50
Last Modified: 24 Sep 2020 09:50

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