Mössbauer characterization of microbially mediated iron and manganese ores of variable geological ages

Gracheva, Maria and Homonnay, Zoltán and Kovács, Krisztina and Béres, Kende Attila and Biondi, João Carlos and Gyollai, Ildikó and Polgári, Márta Piroska (2021) Mössbauer characterization of microbially mediated iron and manganese ores of variable geological ages. ORE GEOLOGY REVIEWS, 134. ISSN 0169-1368


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A combination of various techniques was applied to investigate the mineralogy of the Neoproterozoic Urucum iron and manganese deposit (Brazil) and Carboniferous and Permian manganese carbonate deposits (China). The examined deposits exhibited signs of microbial mediation from Fe and Mn bacteria and cyanobacteria. The studied samples showed diversity in their composition and particle size. Probes from Urucum deposit revealed that the rocks consist mainly of hematite, showing Mn substitution which reflects the oxidation of Mn on the active surface of Fe-rich biomat. Nanominerals occurring in significant concentration also supported the microbial contribution to the formation of these ores. Representative samples of Neoproterozoic and Permian deposits showed considerable amount of mixed carbonates with variable composition. 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy analysis supported by X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy data provided a detailed characterization of Fe-rich mineral phases of the samples, including metal ratio outlooks, particle size dimension and presence and type of impurities. Integrity and high resolution of the methods allowed to determine new features of the samples reflecting important signatures of microbial activity revealing the biogeochemistry of the biomat formation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: XRD; Mossbauer spectroscopy; TEM; Phase analysis; microbially mediated ores; nanohematite;
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QE Geology / földtudományok
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 18 Jun 2021 06:58
Last Modified: 18 Jun 2021 06:58

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