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Can Europe recover without credit?

Darvas, Zsolt (2014) Can Europe recover without credit? SOCIETY AND ECONOMY, 36 (2). pp. 129-149. ISSN 1588-9726, ESSN: 1588-970X

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Abstract

Data from 135 countries covering five decades suggest that creditless recoveries, in which the stock of real credit does not return to the pre-crisis level for three years after the GDP trough, are not rare and are characterised by remarkable real GDP growth rates: 4.7 percent per year in middle-income countries and 3.2 percent per year in high-income countries. However, the implications of these historical episodes for the current European situation are limited, for two main reasons. First, creditless recoveries are much less common in high-income countries than in low-income countries which are financially undeveloped. European economies heavily depend on bank loans and research suggests that loan supply played a major role in the recent weak credit performance of Europe. There are reasons to believe that, despite various efforts, normal lending has not yet been restored. Limited loan supply could be disruptive for the European economic recovery and there has been only a minor substitution of bank loans with debt securities. Second, creditless recoveries were associated with significant real exchange rate depreciation, which has hardly occurred so far in most of Europe. This stylised fact suggests that it might be difficult to re-establish economic growth in the absence of sizeable real exchange rate depreciation, if credit growth does not return.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: creditless recovery, credit growth financial structure, real exchange rate adjustment
Subjects: H Social Sciences / társadalomtudományok > HB Economic Theory / közgazdaságtudomány > HB1 Macroeconomics / makroökonómia
H Social Sciences / társadalomtudományok > HG Finance / pénzügy > HG3 Credit bank / hitelügy
SWORD Depositor: MTMT SWORD
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 03 Jul 2014 15:12
Last Modified: 08 Jul 2014 12:59
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/13505

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