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Synthesis and role of salicylic acid in wheat varieties with different levels of cadmium tolerance

Kovács, Viktória and Gondor, Orsolya Kinga and Szalai, Gabriella and Darkó, Éva and Majláth, Imre and Janda, Tibor and Pál, Magda (2014) Synthesis and role of salicylic acid in wheat varieties with different levels of cadmium tolerance. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 280. pp. 12-19. ISSN 0304-3894

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Abstract

Wheat genotypes with different endogenous SA contents were investigated, in order to reveal how cadmium influences salicylic acid (SA) synthesis, and to find possible relationships between SA and certain protective compounds (members of the antioxidants and the heavy metal detoxification system) and between the SA content and the level of cadmium tolerance. Cadmium exposure induced SA synthesis, especially in the leaves, and it is suggested that the phenyl-propanoid synthesis pathway is responsible for the accumulation of SA observed after cadmium stress. Cadmium influenced the synthesis and activation of protective compounds to varying extents in wheat genotypes with different levels of tolerance; the roots and leaves also responded differently to cadmium stress. Although a direct relationship was not found between the initial SA levels and the degree of cadmium tolerance, the results suggest that the increase in the root SA level during cadmium stress in the Mv varieties could be related with the enhancement of the internal glutathione cycle, thus inducing the antioxidant and metal detoxification systems, which promote Cd stress tolerance in wheat seedlings. The positive correlation between certain SA-related compounds and protective compounds suggests that SA-related signalling may also play a role in the acclimation to heavy metal stress.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QD Chemistry / kémia
Q Science / természettudomány > QK Botany / növénytan > QK30 Plant ecology. Plant ethology / növényökológia
S Agriculture / mezőgazdaság > SB Plant culture / növénytermesztés
Depositing User: PhD Magda Pál
Date Deposited: 25 Jul 2014 08:00
Last Modified: 28 May 2016 17:47
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/13922

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