Solvation and Protonation of Coumarin 102 in Aqueous Media - a Fluorescence Spectroscopic and Theoretical Study

Hessz, Dóra and Hégely, Bence and Kállay, Mihály and Vidóczy, Tamás and Kubinyi, Miklós (2014) Solvation and Protonation of Coumarin 102 in Aqueous Media - a Fluorescence Spectroscopic and Theoretical Study. JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY A, 118. pp. 5238-5247. ISSN 1089-5639


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The ground and excited state protonation of Coumarin 102 (C102), a fluorescent probe applied frequently in heterogeneous systems with an aqueous phase, has been studied in aqueous solutions by spectroscopic experiments and theoretical calculations. For the dissociation constant of the protonated form in the ground state, was obtained from the absorption spectra, for the excited state dissociation constant was obtained from the fluorescence spectra. These values were closely reproduced by theoretical calculations via a thermodynamic cycle – the value of also by calculations via the Förster cycle - using an implicit-explicit solvation model (polarized continuum model + addition of a solvent molecule). The theoretical calculations indicated that (i) in the ground state C102 occurs primarily as a hydrogen bonded water complex, with the oxo group as the binding site, (ii) this hydrogen bond becomes stronger upon excitation; (iii) in the ground state the amino nitrogen atom, in the excited state the carboxy oxygen atom is the protonation site. A comprehensive analysis of fluorescence decay data yielded the values kpr = 3.271010 M-1 s 1 for the rate constants of excited state protonation, and kdpr = 2.78108 s-1 for the rate constant of the reverse process (kpr and kdpr were treated as independent parameters). This, considering the relatively long fluorescence lifetimes of neutral C102 (6.02 ns) and its protonated form (3.06 ns) in aqueous media, means that a quasi-equilibrium state of excited state proton transfer is reached in strongly acidic solutions.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > Q1 Science (General) / természettudomány általában
Q Science / természettudomány > QD Chemistry / kémia > QD02 Physical chemistry / fizikai kémia
Depositing User: Dr. xAranka xPilbáth
Date Deposited: 21 Aug 2014 08:59
Last Modified: 20 Aug 2015 23:15

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