Quantum quench in the Luttinger model with finite temperature initial state

Bácsi, Ádám and Dóra, Balázs (2013) Quantum quench in the Luttinger model with finite temperature initial state. Physical Review B, 88 (15). p. 155115. ISSN 1098-0121

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We study the nonequilibrium dynamics of the Luttinger model after a quantum quench, when the initial state is a finite temperature thermal equilibrium state. The diagonal elements of the density matrix in the steady state show thermal features for high temperature initial states only, otherwise they retain highly nonthermal character. The time evolution of Uhlmann fidelity, which measures the distance between the time evolved and initial states, is evaluated for arbitrary initial temperatures and quench protocols. In the long time limit, the overlap between the time evolved and initial system decreases exponentially with the temperature with a universal prefactor. Within perturbation theory, the statistics of final total energy and work are numerically evaluated in the case of a sudden quench, which yield identical distributions at zero temperature. In both statistics, temperature effects are more significant in small systems. The Dirac-δ peak at the adiabatic ground state energy remains present in the probability distribution of the total energy, but disappears from the work distribution at nonzero initial temperatures.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QC Physics / fizika > QC06 Physics of condensed matter / szilárdtestfizika
Depositing User: Dr. Balazs Dora
Date Deposited: 17 Sep 2014 13:54
Last Modified: 17 Sep 2014 13:56

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