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On the mechanism of bifunctional squaramide-catalyzed organocatalytic michael addition; protonated catalyst as an oxyanion hole

Kótai, Bianka and Kardos, György and Hamza, Andrea and Farkas, Viktor and Pápai, Imre and Soós, Tibor (2014) On the mechanism of bifunctional squaramide-catalyzed organocatalytic michael addition; protonated catalyst as an oxyanion hole. CHEMISTRY-A EUROPEAN JOURNAL, 20. pp. 5631-5639. ISSN 0947-6539

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Abstract

A joint experimental-theoretical study of a bifunctional squaramide-amine-catalyzed Michael addition reaction between 1,3-dioxo nucleophiles and nitrostyrene has been undertaken to gain insight into the nature of bifunctional organocatalytic activation. For this highly stereoselective reaction, three previously proposed mechanistic scenarios for the critical C-C bond-formation step were examined. Accordingly, the formation of the major stereoisomeric products is most plausible by one of the bifunctional pathways that involve electrophile activation by the protonated amine group of the catalyst. However, some of the minor product isomers are also accessible through alternative reaction routes. Structural analysis of transition states points to the structural invariance of certain fragments of the transition state, such as the protonated catalyst and the anionic fragment of approaching reactants. Our topological analysis provides deeper insight and a more general understanding of bifunctional noncovalent organocatalysis. © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Reaction mechanisms; Reaction intermediates; organocatalysis; Michael addition; Density functional calculations
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QD Chemistry / kémia
SWORD Depositor: MTMT SWORD
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 14 Oct 2014 09:45
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2014 09:45
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/17696

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