REAL

Sucrose esters increase drug penetration, but do not inhibit P-glycoprotein in Caco-2 intestinal epithelial cells

Kiss, Lóránd and Hellinger, É. and Pilbat, Ana Maria and Kittel, Á. and Török, Zsolt and Füredi, András and Szakács, Gergely and Veszelka, Szilvia and Sipos, Péter and Ózsvári, Béla and Puskás, László and Vastag, Mónika and Szabó-Révész, Piroska and Deli, Mária Anna (2014) Sucrose esters increase drug penetration, but do not inhibit P-glycoprotein in Caco-2 intestinal epithelial cells. JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES, 103 (10). pp. 3107-3119. ISSN 0022-3549

[img]
Preview
Text
Kittel Ágnes 1.pdf

Download (6Mb) | Preview
[img] Text
KissJPharmSci.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (3059Kb) | Request a copy

Abstract

Sucrose fatty acid esters are increasingly used as excipients in pharmaceutical products, but few data are available on their toxicity profile, mode of action, and efficacy on intestinal epithelial models. Three water-soluble sucrose esters, palmitate (P-1695), myristate (M-1695), laurate (D-1216), and two reference absorption enhancers, Tween 80 and Cremophor RH40, were tested on Caco-2 cells. Caco-2 monolayers formed a good barrier as reflected by high transepithelial resistance and positive immunostaining for junctional proteins claudin-1, ZO-1, and -catenin. Sucrose esters in nontoxic concentrations significantly reduced resistance and impedance, and increased permeability for atenolol, fluorescein, vinblastine, and rhodamine 123 in Caco-2 monolayers. No visible opening of the tight junctions was induced by sucrose esters assessed by immunohistochemistry and electron microscopy, but some alterations were seen in the structure of filamentous actin microfilaments. Sucrose esters fluidized the plasma membrane and enhanced the accumulation of efflux transporter ligands rhodamine 123 and calcein AM in epithelial cells, but did not inhibit the P-glycoprotein (P- gp)-mediated calcein AM accumulation in MES-SA/Dx5 cell line. These data indicate that in addition to their dissolution-increasing properties sucrose esters can enhance drug permeability through both the transcellular and paracellular routes without inhibiting P-gp.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine / orvostudomány > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology / terápia, gyógyszertan
SWORD Depositor: MTMT SWORD
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 16 Oct 2014 13:59
Last Modified: 31 Oct 2015 00:15
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/17721

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item