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Combustion Kinetics of Corncob Charcoal and Partially Demineralized Corncob Charcoal in the Kinetic Regime

Várhegyi, Gábor and Mészáros, Erika and Antal, Michael, J. and Bourke, Jared and Jakab, Emma (2006) Combustion Kinetics of Corncob Charcoal and Partially Demineralized Corncob Charcoal in the Kinetic Regime. INDUSTRIAL and ENGINEERING CHEMISTRY RESEARCH, 45. pp. 4962-4970. ISSN 0888-5885

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Abstract

Charcoals produced by a modern, efficient method were studied in the kinetic regime, at oxygen partial pressures of 0.2 and 1 bar by thermogravimetric experiments and their reaction kinetic modeling. The charcoals were ground to an average particle size of 5 – 13 µm. A partial removal of minerals from the feedstock (corncobs) by an acid-washing procedure resulted in ca. 6 times higher specific surface area in the charcoal. In spite of the increased surface area, this sample evidenced a much lower reactivity. A model based on three reactions gave an adequate description over a wide range of experimental conditions. 38 experiments on 4 charcoal samples were evaluated. The experiments differed in their temperature programs, in the ambient gas composition and in the grinding of the samples. Characteristics of the combustion process were determined, including activation energy values characteristic for the temperature dependence of the burn-off; formal reaction orders characterizing the dependence on the oxygen content of the ambient; and functions describing the conversion dependence of the partial processes.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QD Chemistry / kémia
T Technology / alkalmazott, műszaki tudományok > TP Chemical technology / vegyipar, vegyészeti technológia
Depositing User: Dr Gábor Várhegyi
Date Deposited: 12 Feb 2015 12:36
Last Modified: 12 Feb 2015 12:36
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/21611

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