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Changes of potentially anti-nutritive components in Hungarian potatoes from organic and conventional farming

Tömösközi -Farkas, R. and Polgár, Zs. and Nagy-Gasztonyi, M. and Horváth, V. and Renkecz, T. and Simon, K. and Boross, F. and Fabulya, Z. (2014) Changes of potentially anti-nutritive components in Hungarian potatoes from organic and conventional farming. ACTA ALIMENTARIA, 43 (4). pp. 676-683. ISSN 0139-3006

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Abstract

Anti-nutritive components in multi resistant potato cultivars were investigated in relation to conventional and organic farming for three years. Glycoalkaloids, nitrate, nitrite, asparagine, and glutamine contents of tubers were examined. Farming technology was found not to have an effect on the level of glycoalkaloids, which was influenced mostly by the genotype and season. Nitrogen fertilisation caused significant increase in nitrate, asparagine, and glutamine contents as compared to organic farming. Nitrite content was found to be more independent of farming technologies than nitrate. Tubers of cultivar Rioja had the lowest nitrate content irrespective of season or technology. In conclusion, the absolute amount and changes of different anti-nutritive components of potato tubers were influenced differently by the technology, genotype, and season in a complex manner. Organic farming had no effect on the glycoalkaloid content, but the nitrate levels had a tendency to be lower compared to conventional farming. This can be seen as a positive effect of organic farming.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: organic farming; potato; glycoalkaloids; nitrate; asparagine; glutamine
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QH Natural history / természetrajz > QH301 Biology / biológia > QH3011 Biochemistry / biokémia
S Agriculture / mezőgazdaság > SB Plant culture / növénytermesztés
Depositing User: Dr. Viola Horváth
Date Deposited: 14 Feb 2015 13:25
Last Modified: 14 Feb 2015 13:25
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/21791

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