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Speculation: Polyamines are important in abiotic stress signaling

Pál, Magda and Szalai, Gabriella and Janda, Tibor (2015) Speculation: Polyamines are important in abiotic stress signaling. PLANT SCIENCE, 237. pp. 16-23. ISSN 0168-9452

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Abstract

The main role of polyamines was originally assumed to be as direct protective compounds important under stress conditions. Although in some cases a correlation was found between the endogenous polyamine content and stress tolerance, this relationship cannot be generalized. Polyamines should no longer be considered simply as protective molecules, but rather as compounds that are involved in a complex signaling system and have a key role in the regulation of stress tolerance. The major links in polyamine signaling may be H2O2 and NO, which are not only produced in the course of the polyamine metabolism, but also transmit signals that influence gene expression via an increase in the cytoplasmic Ca2+ level. Polyamines can also influence Ca2+ influx independently of the H2O2- and/or NOmediated pathways. Furthermore, these pathways may converge. In addition, several protein kinases have been shown to be influenced at the transcriptional or post-translational level by polyamines. Individual polyamines can be converted into each other in the polyamine cycle. In addition, their metabolism is linked with other hormones or signaling molecules. However, as individual polyamines trigger different transcriptional responses, other mechanisms and the existence of polyamine-responsive elements and the corresponding transacting protein factors are also involved in polyamine-related signaling pathways.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > Q1 Science (General) / természettudomány általában
Depositing User: PhD Magda Pál
Date Deposited: 29 May 2015 09:45
Last Modified: 29 May 2015 09:45
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/24396

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