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A genealogy of convex solids via local and global bifurcations of gradient vector fields

Domokos, Gábor and Holmes, Philip and Lángi, Zsolt (2015) A genealogy of convex solids via local and global bifurcations of gradient vector fields. Journal of Nonlinear Science. ISSN 0938-8974 (Submitted)

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Abstract

Three-dimensional convex bodies can be classified in terms of the number and stability types of critical points on which they can balance at rest on a horizontal plane. For typical bodies these are nondegenerate maxima, minima, and saddle-points, the numbers of which provide a primary classification. Secondary and tertiary classifications use graphs to describe orbits connecting these critical points in the gradient vector field associated with each body. In previous work it was shown that these classifications are complete in that no class is empty. Here we construct 1- and 2-parameter families of convex bodies connecting members of adjacent primary and secondary classes and show that transitions between them can be realized by codimension 1 saddlenode and saddle-saddle (heteroclinic) bifurcations in the gradient vector fields. Our results indicate that all combinatorially possible transitions can be realized in physical shape evolution processes, e.g. by abrasion of sedimentary particles.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QA Mathematics / matematika > QA73 Geometry / geometria
Depositing User: Dr. Zsolt Lángi
Date Deposited: 11 Sep 2015 11:29
Last Modified: 11 Sep 2015 11:29
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/26390

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