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Active Learning Strategies for Phenotypic Profiling of High-Content Screens

Horváth, Péter (2014) Active Learning Strategies for Phenotypic Profiling of High-Content Screens. JOURNAL OF BIOMOLECULAR SCREENING. ISSN 1087-0571

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Abstract

Abstract High-content screening is a powerful method to discover new drugs and carry out basic biological research. Increasingly, high-content screens have come to rely on supervised machine learning (SML) to perform automatic phenotypic classification as an essential step of the analysis. However, this comes at a cost, namely, the labeled examples required to train the predictive model. Classification performance increases with the number of labeled examples, and because labeling examples demands time from an expert, the training process represents a significant time investment. Active learning strategies attempt to overcome this bottleneck by presenting the most relevant examples to the annotator, thereby achieving high accuracy while minimizing the cost of obtaining labeled data. In this article, we investigate the impact of active learning on single-cell–based phenotype recognition, using data from three large-scale RNA interference high-content screens representing diverse phenotypic profiling problems. We consider several combinations of active learning strategies and popular SML methods. Our results show that active learning significantly reduces the time cost and can be used to reveal the same phenotypic targets identified using SML. We also identify combinations of active learning strategies and SML methods which perform better than others on the phenotypic profiling problems we studied.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine / orvostudomány > R1 Medicine (General) / orvostudomány általában
Depositing User: Dr. Horvath Peter
Date Deposited: 15 Sep 2015 19:04
Last Modified: 15 Sep 2015 19:04
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/26706

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