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Aromatic stacking between nucleobase and enzyme promotes phosphate ester hydrolysis in dUTPase.

Pécsi, Ildikó and Leveles, Ibolya and Harmat, Veronika and Vértessy G., Beáta and Tóth, Judit (2010) Aromatic stacking between nucleobase and enzyme promotes phosphate ester hydrolysis in dUTPase. NUCLEIC ACIDS RESEARCH. ISSN 0305-1048

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Abstract

Aromatic interactions are well-known players in molecular recognition but their catalytic role in biological systems is less documented. Here, we report that a conserved aromatic stacking interaction between dUTPase and its nucleotide substrate largely contributes to the stabilization of the associative type transition state of the nucleotide hydrolysis reaction. The effect of the aromatic stacking on catalysis is peculiar in that uracil, the aromatic moiety influenced by the aromatic interaction is relatively distant from the site of hydrolysis at the alpha-phosphate group. Using crystallographic, kinetics, optical spectroscopy and thermodynamics calculation approaches we delineate a possible mechanism by which rate acceleration is achieved through the remote π-π interaction. The abundance of similarly positioned aromatic interactions in various nucleotide hydrolyzing enzymes (e.g. most families of ATPases) raises the possibility of the reported phenomenon being a general component of the enzymatic catalysis of phosphate ester hydrolysis.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > Q1 Science (General) / természettudomány általában
Depositing User: Dr Judit Tóth
Date Deposited: 22 Sep 2015 12:50
Last Modified: 22 Sep 2015 12:52
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/27212

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