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Heaping, secondary flows and broken symmetry in flows of elongated granular particles

Wortel, Geert and Börzsönyi, Tamás and Somfai, Ellák and Wegner, Sandra and Szabó, Balázs and Stannarius, Ralf and van Hecke, Martin (2015) Heaping, secondary flows and broken symmetry in flows of elongated granular particles. Soft Matter, 11. pp. 2570-2576. ISSN 1744-683X

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Abstract

In this paper we report experiments where we shear granular rods in split-bottom geometries, and find that a significant heap of height of least 40% of the filling height can form at the particle surface. We show that heaping is caused by a significant secondary flow, absent for spherical particles. Flow reversal transiently reverses the secondary flow, leading to a quick collapse and slower regeneration of the heap. We present a symmetry argument and experimental data that show that the generation of the secondary flow is driven by a misalignment of the mean particle orientation with the streamlines of the flow. This general mechanism is expected to be important in all flows of sufficiently anisometric grains.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QC Physics / fizika > QC01 Mechanics / mechanika
Depositing User: Ellák Somfai
Date Deposited: 24 Sep 2015 13:19
Last Modified: 24 Sep 2015 13:19
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/27696

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