REAL

Néel-type skyrmion lattice with confined orientation in the polar magnetic semiconductor GaV4S8

Kézsmárki, I. and Bordács, S. and Milde, P. and Neuber, E. and Eng, L. M. and White, J. S. and Rønnow, H. M. and Dewhurst, C. D. and Mochizuki, M. and Yanai, K. and Nakamura, H. and Ehlers, D. and Tsurkan, V. and Loidl, A. (2015) Néel-type skyrmion lattice with confined orientation in the polar magnetic semiconductor GaV4S8. Nature Materials. ISSN 1476-1122

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Abstract

Following the early prediction of the skyrmion lattice (SkL)—a periodic array of spin vortices—it has been observed recently in various magnetic crystals mostly with chiral structure. Although non-chiral but polar crystals with Cnv symmetry were identified as ideal SkL hosts in pioneering theoretical studies, this archetype of SkL has remained experimentally unexplored. Here, we report the discovery of a SkL in the polar magnetic semiconductor GaV4S8 with rhombohedral (C3v) symmetry and easy axis anisotropy. The SkL exists over an unusually broad temperature range compared with other bulk crystals and the orientation of the vortices is not controlled by the external magnetic field, but instead confined to the magnetic easy axis. Supporting theory attributes these unique features to a new Néel-type of SkL describable as a superposition of spin cycloids in contrast to the Bloch-type SkL in chiral magnets described in terms of spin helices.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QC Physics / fizika > QC06 Physics of condensed matter / szilárdtestfizika
Depositing User: Dr Sándor Bordács
Date Deposited: 29 Sep 2015 12:03
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2015 12:03
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/29223

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