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Carotenoids are essential for the assembly of cyanobacterial photosynthetic complexes.

Tóth, Tünde and Chukhutsina, Volha and Racskóné Domonkos, Ildikó and Knoppova, Jana and Komenda, Josef and Kis, Mihály and Lénárt, Zsófia and Garab, Győző and Kovács, László and Gombos, Zoltán (2015) Carotenoids are essential for the assembly of cyanobacterial photosynthetic complexes. BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA-BIOENERGETICS, 1847 (10). pp. 1153-1165. ISSN 0005-2728

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Abstract

In photosynthetic organisms, carotenoids (carotenes and xanthophylls) are important for light harvesting, photoprotection and structural stability of a variety of pigment-protein complexes. Here, we investigated the consequences of altered carotenoid composition for the functional organization of photosynthetic complexes in wild-type and various mutant strains of the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803. Although it is generally accepted that xanthophylls do not play a role in cyanobacterial photosynthesis in low-light conditions, we have found that the absence of xanthophylls leads to reduced oligomerization of photosystems I and II. This is remarkable because these complexes do not bind xanthophylls. Oligomerization is even more disturbed in crtH mutant cells, which show limited carotenoid synthesis; in these cells also the phycobilisomes are distorted despite the fact that these extramembranous light-harvesting complexes do not contain carotenoids. The number of phycocyanin rods connected to the phycobilisome core is strongly reduced leading to high amounts of unattached phycocyanin units. In the absence of carotenoids the overall organization of the thylakoid membranes is disturbed: Photosystem II is not formed, photosystem I hardly oligomerizes and the assembly of phycobilisomes remains incomplete. These data underline the importance of carotenoids in the structural and functional organization of the cyanobacterial photosynthetic machinery.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QH Natural history / természetrajz > QH301 Biology / biológia > QH3011 Biochemistry / biokémia
Q Science / természettudomány > QH Natural history / természetrajz > QH301 Biology / biológia > QH3020 Biophysics / biofizika
SWORD Depositor: MTMT SWORD
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 13 Oct 2015 11:10
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2016 23:15
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/29737

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