Functional Advantages of Conserved Intrinsic Disorder in RNA-Binding Proteins.

Váradi, Mihály and Zsolyomi, Fruzsina and Guharoy, Majnak and Tompa, Péter (2015) Functional Advantages of Conserved Intrinsic Disorder in RNA-Binding Proteins. PLOS ONE, 10 (10). e0139731. ISSN 1932-6203


Download (2MB) | Preview


Proteins form large macromolecular assemblies with RNA that govern essential molecular processes. RNA-binding proteins have often been associated with conformational flexibility, yet the extent and functional implications of their intrinsic disorder have never been fully assessed. Here, through large-scale analysis of comprehensive protein sequence and structure datasets we demonstrate the prevalence of intrinsic structural disorder in RNA-binding proteins and domains. We addressed their functionality through a quantitative description of the evolutionary conservation of disordered segments involved in binding, and investigated the structural implications of flexibility in terms of conformational stability and interface formation. We conclude that the functional role of intrinsically disordered protein segments in RNA-binding is two-fold: first, these regions establish extended, conserved electrostatic interfaces with RNAs via induced fit. Second, conformational flexibility enables them to target different RNA partners, providing multi-functionality, while also ensuring specificity. These findings emphasize the functional importance of intrinsically disordered regions in RNA-binding proteins.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: PMC PMC4595337
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QH Natural history / természetrajz > QH301 Biology / biológia
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 06 Nov 2015 09:52
Last Modified: 06 Nov 2015 09:52

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item