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A női nemi hormonok koncentrációja és a testzsírosság változókorú nőknél

Zsákai, Annamária and Biri, Beáta and Utczás, Katinka and Fehér, Virág Piroska and Bodzsár, Éva (2015) A női nemi hormonok koncentrációja és a testzsírosság változókorú nőknél. Anthropologiai Közlemények, 56. pp. 139-151. ISSN 0003-5440

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Abstract

The relationship between sex hormonal levels and body fatness in relation to reproductive ageing in women. The number of postmenopausal women in our ageing societies is increasing, thus the importance of studies on menopause and the risk factors of early and late menopause is increasing. The age at the final menstrual period holds clinical and public health interest because the age at menopause can be a marker of aging and health. In general the menopausal transition increases the risk of many diseases, in addition to this health consequence of menopause it is also evidenced that women undergoing early menopause have a higher incidence of osteoporotic fractures, cardiovascular diseases, neurological diseases, psychiatric diseases, while women with late menopause are at higher risk for breast and endometrial cancer. The purpose of the research was to study the relationship between the menopausal status and the body fatness in Hungarian women. A random sample of 1932 Hungarian women (aged 35+ years) was studied between 2012 and 2014. Body composition was estimated by body impedance analysis. Subjects were divided into pre-, peri- and postmenopausal subgroups on the basis of their menstrual history and in a subsample by considering the estradiol and progesterone levels in saliva. Women who had any diseases or were taking any medications known to affect body composition, or who had been hysterectomized or ovariectomized were not included in the present analysis. The level of studied sex hormones showed a decrease from the early 40s. The body fat mass had an increase until the late 50 years and then had a significant decrease through senescence. Premenopausal women who were much older than the median age at menopause had significantly higher amount of fat than their postmenopausal age-peers, while postmenopausal women, whose permanent cessation of menstruation occurred much earlier than the median age at menopause, had significantly less fat amount than their premenopausal age-peers. The body fat mass in women, who were divided into the postmenopausal subgroup by their sex hormone levels but experienced regular menstruations, was always above the age median value of their menopausal status subgroups, while in women, who were considered premenopausal according to their sex hormone levels but were amenorrheic at least for the past 12 months, below the age medians.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation / földrajz, antropológia, kikapcsolódás > GN Anthropology / embertan, fizikai antropológia
Q Science / természettudomány > QH Natural history / természetrajz > QH301 Biology / biológia > QH3011 Biochemistry / biokémia
SWORD Depositor: MTMT SWORD
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 01 Feb 2016 14:00
Last Modified: 11 May 2017 05:47
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/32944

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