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Phage abortive infection of Bacillus licheniformis ATCC 9800; identification of the abiBL11 gene and localisation and sequencing of its promoter region.

Tran, L. S. P. and Szabó, L. and Ponyi, T. and Orosz, L. and Sík, T. and Holczinger, A. (1999) Phage abortive infection of Bacillus licheniformis ATCC 9800; identification of the abiBL11 gene and localisation and sequencing of its promoter region. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 52 (6). pp. 845-852. ISSN 0175-7598 (print), 1432-0614 (online)

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Abstract

The virulent bacteriophage BL11 infects almost all Bacillus licheniformis strains tested, including the industrial bacitracin-producing B. licheniformis 19. B. licheniformis ATCC 9800, however, was virtually insensitive to phage BL11 infection, and all of the few surviving progeny phages proved to be mutants. The phage-resistance mechanism was neither inhibition of adsorption, nor restriction or exclusion provided by a resident prophage, but was, instead, of another type. Phage BL11 adsorbed well on to ATCC 9800 cells, its DNA was injected, but replication of phage DNA was inhibited and the infected cells died. Thus, the mechanism of phage resistance was identified as abortive infection (AbiBL11). The so-called abiBL11 gene was identified on the chromosome of strain ATCC 9800 by Tn917PF1 transposon mutagenesis. Part of the abiBL11 gene from the phage-sensitive ATCC 9800::Tn917PFI was cloned. Gene-disruption analysis, based on Campbell-type integration, showed that a 0.3-kb EcoRI fragment contained the 5' end of abiBL11. The promoter region of abiBL11 was identified using promoter- and terminator-probe plasmids. The deduced sequence (206 amino acids) of the N-terminal part of abiBL11 showed no significant homology to known abortive-infection genes, but did show homology to a Saccharomyces cerevisiae gene coding for a serine/threonine protein kinase (RCK1).

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QH Natural history / természetrajz > QH426 Genetics / genetika, örökléstan
Depositing User: Erika Bilicsi
Date Deposited: 12 Nov 2012 13:26
Last Modified: 12 Nov 2012 13:40
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/3337

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