Recrystallization-induced oxygen isotope changes in inclusion-hosted water of speleothems - Paleoclimatological implications

Demény, Attila and Czuppon, György and Kern, Zoltán and Leél-Őssy, Szabolcs and Németh, Alexandra and Szabó, Máté Zoltán and Tóth, Mária and Németh, Tibor and Óvári, Mihály (2016) Recrystallization-induced oxygen isotope changes in inclusion-hosted water of speleothems - Paleoclimatological implications. QUATERNARY INTERNATIONAL, 415. pp. 25-32. ISSN 1040-6182


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The issue of diagenetic alteration of carbonate deposits in caves (speleothems) has gained increasing importance in recent years, as this process has serious consequences for speleothem-based paleoclimate studies. In this study stable hydrogen and oxygen isotope data of water trapped in fluid inclusions were collected for recently forming stalagmites and flowstones in order to determine how dripwater compositions are reflected and preserved in the inclusion water compositions. Hydrogen isotope compositions were found to reflect dripwater values, whereas the oxygen isotope data were increasingly shifted from the local dripwater compositions with the time elapsed after deposition. The δ18O data are correlated with X-Ray diffraction full width at half maximum values (related to crystal domain size and lattice strain), suggesting that the oxygen isotope shift is related to recrystallization of calcite. Transmission electron microscope analyses detected the presence of nanocrystalline (<50 nm) calcite, whose crystallization to coarser-grained calcite crystals (>200 nm) may have induced re-equilibration between the carbonate and the trapped inclusion water. The Ostwald ripening process provides an explanation for unexpectedly low oxygen isotope compositions in the inclusion water. The detected diagenetic alteration and its isotopic effects should be taken into consideration during sampling strategies and data evaluation as speleothems containing nanocrystalline calcite during their deposition are prone to late-stage oxygen isotope water-carbonate re-equilibration, which may shift the oxygen isotope composition of the inclusion water to more depleted values while the hydrogen isotope composition remains intact. © 2016.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: speleothem; Ostwald ripening; Hydrogen and oxygen isotope compositions; fluid inclusion; diagenesis
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QE Geology / földtudományok > QE02 Geochemistry / geokémia
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 14 Sep 2016 08:59
Last Modified: 14 Sep 2016 08:59

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