Antioxidant capacity and total phenol content of beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) bark extracts

Hofmann, Tamás and Nebehaj, Esztella and Stefanovits-Bányai, Éva and Albert, Levente (2015) Antioxidant capacity and total phenol content of beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) bark extracts. Industrial Crops and Products, 77. pp. 375-381. ISSN 0926-6690

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Tree bark is mostly regarded as a by-product of log processing but it can be a rich source of antioxidant compounds which are worthwhile to extract and use for industrial purposes (e.g., nutrition supplements, food conservants, wood preservatives). Beech (. Fagus sylvatica L.) is a common industrial wood species and the antioxidant properties of its bark have not yet been studied in detail. The main objective of the current study was the assessment of the total phenol content and the comprehensive antioxidant properties of beech bark extracts prepared with different extraction techniques to obtain maximum yield of the active compounds. Three extraction methods were used: sonication, stirring and a microwave assisted technique. For each method we used water, methanol:water 80:20 v/v, and ethanol:water 80:20 v/v solutions. The antioxidant capacity of the extracts was determined with the DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl), ABTS (2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid)) and FRAP (ferric reducing ability of plasma) assays. Total phenol content was measured using the Folin-Ciocâlteu assay. Different antioxidant capacity assays give comprehensive results on the antioxidant properties of the extracts basing on their different selectivity. Ethanol-containing solutions are more efficient for extraction than the respective mixtures with methanol especially at ambient conditions. Under pressurized high temperature conditions, pure water can be as effective as alcohol containing mixtures. Results show that the antioxidant compounds of beech bark can be extracted efficiently using eco-friendly solvents which opens up possibilities for the utilization of beech bark extracts in the future for food industry and wood technology. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Assays; Ethanol; Extraction; Forestry; Methanol; Mixtures; Phenols; Protective coatings, Antioxidant capacity; Beech; Fagus sylvatica L; Green extractions; Polyphenols, Antioxidants, alcohol; antimicrobial activity; antioxidant; bioassay; food supplementation; phenol; plant extract, Antioxidants; Bark; Biological Tests; Fagus Sylvatica; Phenol, Fagus; Fagus sylvatica
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QD Chemistry / kémia > QD01 Analytical chemistry / analitikai kémia
Q Science / természettudomány > QK Botany / növénytan > QK10 Plant physiology / növényélettan
Depositing User: Dr Tamás Hofmann
Date Deposited: 21 Sep 2016 12:47
Last Modified: 21 Sep 2016 12:47

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