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β-Carotene influences the phycobilisome antenna of cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803

Vajravel, Sindhujaa and Kovács, László and Kis, Mihály and Rehman, Ateeq Ur and Vass, Imre and Gombos, Zoltán and Tóth, Tünde (2016) β-Carotene influences the phycobilisome antenna of cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803. PHOTOSYNTHESIS RESEARCH, 130 (1-3). pp. 403-415. ISSN 0166-8595

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Abstract

We investigated the relation between the carotenoid composition and the structure of phycobilisome (PBS) antenna of cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803. PBS is a large soluble protein complex enhances the light harvesting efficiency of the cells. It is composed of a central allophycocyanin core and radial phycocyanin rods, but it does not contain carotenoids. However, the absence or low level of carotenoids were previously shown to lead the co-existence of unconnected rod units and assembled PBS with shorter peripheral rods. Here we show that the lack of β-carotene, but not of xanthophylls or the distortion of photosystem structure, evoked unconnected rods. Thus, these essential β-carotene molecules are not bound by Photosystem I or Photosystem II. Our results do not show correlation between the reactive oxygen species (ROS) and PBS distortion despite the higher singlet oxygen producing capacity and light sensitivity of the mutant cells. Reduced cellular level of those linker proteins attaching the rod units together was also observed, but the direct damage of the linkers by ROS are not supported by our data. Enzymatic PBS proteolysis induced by nitrogen starvation in carotenoid mutant cells revealed a retarded degradation of the unconnected rod units. © 2016 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Phycobilisome degradation; PHOTOSYNTHESIS; CYANOBACTERIA; carotenoids
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QK Botany / növénytan
SWORD Depositor: MTMT SWORD
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 31 Jan 2017 15:34
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2017 15:34
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/47036

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