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Multicomponent blood lipid analysis by means of near infrared spectroscopy, in geese

Bázár, Gy. and Éles, Viktória and Kovács, Zoltán and Romvári, Róbert and Szabó, András (2016) Multicomponent blood lipid analysis by means of near infrared spectroscopy, in geese. TALANTA, 155 (1). pp. 202-211. ISSN 0039-9140

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Abstract

This study provides accurate near infrared (NIR) spectroscopic models on some laboratory determined clinicochemical parameters (i.e. total lipid (5.5771.95 g/l), triglyceride (2.5971.36 mmol/l), total cholesterol (3.8170.68 mmol/l), high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol (2.4570.58 mmol/l)) of blood serum samples of fattened geese. To increase the performance of multivariate chemometrics, samples significantly deviating from the regression models implying laboratory error were excluded from the final calibration datasets. Reference data of excluded samples having outlier spectra in principal component analysis were not marked as false. Samples deviating from the regression models but having non outlier spectra in PCA were identified as having false reference constituent values. Based on the NIR selection methods, 5% of the reference measurement data were rated as doubtful. The achieved models reached R2 of 0.864, 0.966, 0.850, 0.793, and RMSE of 0.639 g/l, 0.232 mmol/l, 0.210 mmol/l, 0.241 mmol/l for total lipid, triglyceride, total cholesterol and HDL cholesterol, respectively, during independent validation. Classical analytical techniques focus on single constituents and often require chemicals, timeconsuming measurements, and experienced technicians. NIR technique provides a quick, cost effective, non-hazardous alternative method for analysis of several constituents based on one single spectrum of each sample, and it also offers the possibility for looking at the laboratory reference data critically. Evaluation of reference data to identify and exclude falsely analyzed samples can provide warning feedback to the reference laboratory, especially in the case of analyses where laboratory methods are not perfectly suited to the subjected material and there is an increased chance of laboratory error

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Blood serum, NIR spectroscopy, Cholesterol, Lipid, Triglyceride, Laboratory error
Subjects: S Agriculture / mezőgazdaság > SV Veterinary science / állatorvostudomány
Depositing User: Gergely Kátai
Date Deposited: 07 Feb 2017 11:23
Last Modified: 07 Feb 2017 11:23
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/47580

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