Effects of short-term sodium chlorate exposure on pigs

Cha, Chun-Nam and Jung, Won-Chul and Choi, Hyunju and Lee, Yeo and Yoo, Chang-Yeul and Kim, Suk and Lee, Hu-Jang (2012) Effects of short-term sodium chlorate exposure on pigs. Acta Veterinaria Hungarica, 60 (1). pp. 93-101. ISSN 0236-6290

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The present study evaluated the effects of exposure to different doses of sodium chlorate in 10-week-old pigs. Twenty pigs were divided into four equal groups and treated with different doses of sodium chlorate: 0, 125, 250 and 500 mg kg−1 body weight per day via the drinking water for 7 consecutive days. The results showed a significant decrease (P < 0.05) in red blood cell and white blood cell counts, packed cell volume, haemoglobin, blood urea nitrogen (P < 0.001) and creatinine levels, and an increase in aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase (P < 0.05) activities in swine administered sodium chlorate at a dose of 500 mg kg−1body weight per day. The histopathological study revealed increased numbers of vacuoles in the convoluted tubules, tubular necrosis and degeneration of the renal tubular epithelial cells, depletion of nuclei and lobular necrosis of the liver in all pigs treated with sodium chlorate at 500 mg kg−1 body weight per day. Thus, 7-day administration of sodium chlorate at 500 mg kg−1 body weight per day to pigs affects the liver and kidney tissues as well as the haematologic and serum biochemical parameters.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: S Agriculture / mezőgazdaság > SV Veterinary science / állatorvostudomány
Depositing User: xKatalin xBarta
Date Deposited: 08 Feb 2017 14:32
Last Modified: 08 Feb 2017 14:32

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