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The incidence of mastitis treated with antibiotics in large-scale Hungarian Holstein-Friesian dairy farms

Kikkers, B. H. and Ózsvári, L. and Van Eerdenburg, F. J. C. M. and Börzsönyi, L. and Szenci, O. (2004) The incidence of mastitis treated with antibiotics in large-scale Hungarian Holstein-Friesian dairy farms. Acta Veterinaria Hungarica, 52 (1). pp. 19-32. ISSN 0236-6290

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Abstract

Treated mastitis episodes at large Hungarian dairy farms were studied to determine the distribution of mastitis treated with antibiotics among quarters of the udder. Data were detailed records of all mastitis episodes that occurred during 1976 lactations in Farm A infected with Staphylococcus aureus (from May 1995 through July 1998) and 808 lactations in Farm B free from S. aureus (from January 1999 through March 2001). The distribution of treated quarters was compared with mathematical expectations based upon a random distribution in the case of Farm A. Results on mastitis incidences for different lactation stage groups showed an increasing incidence within subsequent lactation stage groups in Farm A. In contrast, in Farm B the mastitis incidence for lactation stage group between 35 and 100 days was the highest, but beyond 100 days the incidence decreased and reached the lowest value. Results gave strong evidence that the four quarters within the udder are not distributed randomly with respect to naturally occurring episodes of treated mastitis. More episodes than expected occurred in which only one or all four quarters were treated. Fewer episodes than expected with two or three treated quarters were observed. In both farms, the mastitis rate for rear quarters was higher than for front quarters, and the incidence of right quarter mastitis episodes was higher than that of left quarter mastitis episodes.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: S Agriculture / mezőgazdaság > SV Veterinary science / állatorvostudomány
Depositing User: Katalin Barta
Date Deposited: 15 Feb 2017 13:02
Last Modified: 15 Feb 2017 13:02
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/49053

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