The effects of GnRH and adrenergic agents on PRL and ß-endorphin secretion by porcine pituitary cells in vitro

Siawrys, Gabriela and Bogacka, Iwona and Okrasa, S. and Kamiński, T. and Przała, Jadwiga (2003) The effects of GnRH and adrenergic agents on PRL and ß-endorphin secretion by porcine pituitary cells in vitro. Acta Veterinaria Hungarica, 51 (3). pp. 353-369. ISSN 0236-6290

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The direct effects of a- and ß-adrenergic agents on PRL and ß-endorphin (ß-END) secretion in vitro by porcine pituitary cells have been investigated. Pituitary glands were obtained from mature gilts, which were ovariectomised (OVX) one month before slaughter. Ovariectomised gilts, assigned to four groups, were primed with: (1) vehicle (OVX); (2) and (3) oestradiol benzoate (EB; 2.5 mg/100 kg b.w.) at 30-36 h (OVX+EB I) and 60-66 h (OVX+EB II) before slaughter, respectively; and (4) progesterone (P4; 120 mg/100 kg b.w.) for 5 consecutive days before slaughter(OVX+P4). Isolated anterior pituitary cells were submitted to 3.5 h incubation in the presence of GnRH, a- and ß-adrenergic agonists [phenylephrine (PHEN) and isoproterenol (ISOP), respectively], or a- and ß-adrenergic blockers [phentolamine (PHENT) and propranolol (PROP), respectively]. The culture media were assayed for PRL (exp. I) and ß-endorphin-like immunoreactivity (ß-END-LI) (experiment II). In experiment I, GnRH did not influence PRL release by pituitary cells in all experimental groups. Some of tested doses of adrenergic agonists, PHEN and ISOP, increased PRL release from pituitary cells of OVX gilts, but not from those of OVX+EB I animals. In the OVX+EB II group, PHEN alone, but ISOP with PROP, potentiated PRL secretion by the cells. In OVX+P<sub>4</sub> animals, PHEN alone or in combination with PHENT and also ISOP alone or with PROP enhanced PRL output from the cells. In experiment II, addition of GnRH increased ß-END-LI release from pituitary cells only in the OVX+EB II group. PHEN and PHENT potentiated ß-END-LI secretion by pituitary cells in OVX+EB II and OVX+P<sub>4</sub> groups, while ISOP and PROP increased ß-END-LI secretion by the cells of OVX and OVX+EB II animals. In turn, in the OVX+EB I group, effect of PHENT and PROP on PRL secretion by pituitary cells was inhibitory. In conclusion, our results suggest that adrenergic agents can modulate PRL and ß-END secretion by porcine pituitary cells in a manner dependent on the hormonal status of gilts.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: S Agriculture / mezőgazdaság > SV Veterinary science / állatorvostudomány
Depositing User: xKatalin xBarta
Date Deposited: 16 Feb 2017 11:34
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2017 11:34

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