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Energy dispersive spectroscopy and electron backscatter diffraction analysis of isothermally aged SAF 2507 type superduplex stainless steel

Dobránszky, János and Szabó, Péter János and Berecz, T. and Hrotko, V. and Portko, M. (2004) Energy dispersive spectroscopy and electron backscatter diffraction analysis of isothermally aged SAF 2507 type superduplex stainless steel. SPECTROCHIMICA ACTA PART B-ATOMIC SPECTROSCOPY, 59 (10-11). pp. 1781-1788. ISSN 0584-8547

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Abstract

Due to thermal effects, several precipitation and segregation processes are known in duplex stainless steels. These microstructural changes influence both of the original phases, but in different ways. Isothermal ageing in a large range of temperature was performed on SAF 2507 type steel. The temperature range was 300–1000 8C, the ageing time was between 100 s and 24 h. This paper discusses the results of ageing at \n900 C°. Microstructural changes were investigated by electron microscopy, energy-dispersive spectroscopy and electron backscattered diffraction analysis. This technique allowed the determination of the microstructure of the secondary austenite and sigma phase and their mutual orientation properties. Beside this, thermoelectric power measurements were also performed, which gave information about the kinetics of the precipitation process. Results showed that sigma-phase precipitation started right after 200 s in the case of annealed steel, and \nfaster than 100 s in the cold-rolled state. After 5000 s, the delta-ferrite disappeared. Chemical composition of sigma phase was independent on the ageing time. A small decrease in nickel content was observed with a slight increase of Cr content. Small amount of chi phase had also been observed on the ferrite–ferrite boundaries, but later they changed into sigma phase. Similarly to sigma phase, chi phase showed significant phosphorus enrichment. During ageing, small chrome nitride precipitates developed, which amount increased in time, and some \nvanadium could be measured in them. The orientation relationship between austenite and sigma phase deviated from Nenno-orientationship with about 24°, and seems to form a [110]||[310] relationship, which was characteristic right from the beginning of the process, and remains more or less constant.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QC Physics / fizika
SWORD Depositor: MTMT SWORD
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 19 Jun 2013 14:21
Last Modified: 19 Jun 2013 14:21
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/5665

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