Decreased Openness to Experience Is Associated with Migraine-Type Headaches in Subjects with Lifetime Depression

Magyar, Máté and Gonda, Xénia and Pap, Dorottya and Édes, Andrea E. and Galambos, Attila and Baksa, Dániel and Kocsel, Natália and Szabó, Edina and Bagdy, György and Elliott, Rebecca and Kökönyei, Gyöngyi and Juhász, Gabriella (2017) Decreased Openness to Experience Is Associated with Migraine-Type Headaches in Subjects with Lifetime Depression. FRONTIERS IN NEUROLOGY, 8. Article 270. ISSN 1664-2295


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Migraine and depression frequently occur as comorbid conditions, and it has been hypothesized that migraine with and without depression may have a different genetic background. A distinct personality trait constellation has been described in migraineurs. Less attention, however, was paid to personality differences in migraineurs with and without depression which may also shed light on differences in the neurobiological, background. The aim of our study was to investigate big five personality traits, headaches, and lifetime depression (DEP) in a large European general population sample. METHODS: Relationship between DEP, Big Five Inventory personality traits, and headaches identified by the ID-Migraine Questionnaire were investigated in 3,026 individuals from Budapest and Manchester with multivariate and logistic regression analyses. RESULTS: Both DEP and migraine(ID) showed differences in personality traits. Neuroticism was an independent risk factor for both conditions while a significant interaction effect appeared between the two in the case of openness. Namely, subjects with migraine(ID) and without DEP scored higher on openness compared to those who had depression. CONCLUSION: While we confirmed previous results that high neuroticism is a risk factor for both depression and migraine, openness to experience was significantly lower in the co-occurrence of migraine and depression. Our results suggest that increased openness, possibly manifested in optimal or advantageous cognitive processing of pain experience in migraine may decrease the risk of co-occurrence of depression and migraine and thus may provide valuable insight for newer prevention and intervention approaches in the treatment of these conditions.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: migraine, major depressive disorder, personality traits, neuroticism, openness, extraversion
Subjects: R Medicine / orvostudomány > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology / terápia, gyógyszertan
Depositing User: Prof. György Bagdy
Date Deposited: 26 Jul 2017 09:11
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2017 09:11

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