Zentrale und lokale Regelung - Praxis des Volkes in der Waldnutzung in Ungarn

Petercsák, Tivadar (2006) Zentrale und lokale Regelung - Praxis des Volkes in der Waldnutzung in Ungarn. Acta Ethnographica Hungarica, 51 (1-2). pp. 75-90. ISSN 1216-9803

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The population of the villages and market towns in the hilly areas of Hungary have countless ties to the forest. However, forest utilisation was restricted by regulations imposed by the state and the large estate-owners. From the mid-18th century the extent to which serfs and cotters could use the forest and the services they were required to provide were regulated uniformly at the national level. Village people regularly violated the central rules and measures of the estate-owners for protection of the forest, in order to provide themselves with firewood, graze animals and sell timber. The peasant forest communities formed after the liberation of the serfs in 1848 were established on the basis of national laws, but local traditions and local economic interests also influenced their operation. The forest communities themselves regulated the management of the common forest assets and the share of the profits. Their functioning was characterised by internal autonomy and continuous collective control.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation / földrajz, antropológia, kikapcsolódás > GT Manners and customs / néprajz, szokások, hagyományok
Depositing User: xBarbara xBodnár
Date Deposited: 27 Jul 2017 07:45
Last Modified: 27 Jul 2017 07:45

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