Regional cortical blood flow changes following sodium lactate infusion in Alzheimer's disease

Kálmán, János and Palotás, András and Kis, Gabriella and Boda, Krisztina and Túri, Piroska and Bari, Ferenc and Domoki, Ferenc and Dóda, Ildikó and Árgyelán, Miklós and Vincze, Gábor and Séra, Teréz and Csernay, László and Janka, Zoltán and Pávics, László (2005) Regional cortical blood flow changes following sodium lactate infusion in Alzheimer's disease. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE, 21 (6). pp. 1671-1678. ISSN 0953-816X

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Bilateral temporoparietal hypoperfusion is a characteristic single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) finding in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Lactate is a metabolic vasodilator and is known to provoke increased cerebral blood flow (CBF) in healthy adults. This work investigated whether lactate, which is present in high concentrations in AD cerebrospinal fluid, affects AD-specific perfusion abnormalities. Twenty mild-to-moderately demented AD probands participated in the self-controlled study. The regional CBF was examined utilizing Tc-99m-HMPAO SPECT after sodium lactate infusion (0.5 M, 5 mL/kg body weight) and 0.9% NaCl infusion, one on each of two separate days. Despite the vasodilatator effects of sodium lactate, AD rCBF patterns did not show increase in temporo-parietal regions after its infusion. AD-specific bi-temporo-parietal reduction in CBF was accompanied by further hypoperfusion in the parieto-occipital areas after the sodium lactate infusion in seven patients, while no CBF changes were observed in the case of the remaining 13 probands. The pattern of the CBF abnormalities was not correlated with the apolipoprotein E genotype. The decreased vascular responsiveness to sodium lactate reflects disturbed vasoregulatory processes in AD and it is unlikely that lactate would have any relevance in the treatment of AD-related cerebral hypoperfusion, but could be used to improve the value of perfusion SPECT in the diagnosis of AD.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine / orvostudomány > RC Internal medicine / belgyógyászat > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry / idegkórtan, neurológia, pszichiátria
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 24 Jul 2013 10:09
Last Modified: 24 Jul 2013 10:09

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