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Phase-Field Modeling of Polycrystalline Solidification: From Needle Crystals to Spherulites—A Review

Gránásy, László and Rátkai, László and Szállás, Attila and Korbuly, Bálint and Tóth, Gyula I. and Környei, László and Pusztai, Tamás (2014) Phase-Field Modeling of Polycrystalline Solidification: From Needle Crystals to Spherulites—A Review. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 45A. pp. 1694-1719. ISSN 1073-5623

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Abstract

Advances in the orientation-field-based phase-field (PF) models made in the past are reviewed. The models applied incorporate homogeneous and heterogeneous nucleation of growth centers and several mechanisms to form new grains at the perimeter of growing crystals, a phenomenon termed growth front nucleation. Examples for PF modeling of such complex polycrystalline structures are shown as impinging symmetric dendrites, polycrystalline growth forms (ranging from disordered dendrites to spherulitic patterns), and various eutectic structures, including spiraling two-phase dendrites. Simulations exploring possible control of solidification patterns in thin films via external fields, confined geometry, particle additives, scratching/piercing the films, etc. are also displayed. Advantages, problems, and possible solutions associated with quantitative PF simulations are discussed briefly.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QC Physics / fizika > QC06 Physics of condensed matter / szilárdtestfizika
Depositing User: Prof László Gránásy
Date Deposited: 18 Aug 2017 07:03
Last Modified: 18 Aug 2017 07:03
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/60119

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