REAL

Phenotypic and genotypic properties of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated in Hungary, 1997-200

Milch, Hedda and Pászti, Judit and Erdősi, Tímea and Hetzmann, Magdolna (2001) Phenotypic and genotypic properties of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated in Hungary, 1997-200. Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica, 48 (3-4). pp. 457-477. ISSN 1217-8950

[img] Text
amicr.48.2001.3-4.14.pdf
Restricted to Repository staff only until 30 September 2021.

Download (186kB)

Abstract

An account is given on the activity of the National Center for Phage Typing of Staphylococci in Hungary in the period between 1997 and 2000 related to methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains originating mainly from hospital infections and sporadic cases. The rate of multiresistant MRSA strains has decreased gradually from 98.1% in 1997 to 74.6% in 2000, accordingly the typability by phages showed a considerable improvement by the international basic phages. Resistance pattern of MRSA strains became narrower in the period of the examinations. With the exception of erythromycin the rate of resistance decreased probably as a consequence of the increased use of erythomycin. The typing method was completed with the phenotypic and genotypic characterization of macrolide resistance. Among 73 MRSA strains type A was the most frequent macrolide resistance group, while type B, C1 and C2 occurred rarely. Type A was frequent also among the few MSSA and CNS strains. Out of the 168 examined S. aureus strains ermA genes occurred in 81.5%; in MSSA and CNS strains ermC1 genes were frequent, both genes are responsible for the target modification. The msrA gene, encoding the increased efflux, occurred only in CNS strains. Comparing the results obtained by phenotyping (phage typing) and genotyping (AP-PCR) methods it is of note that MRSA strains which proved non-typable by phage typing gave suitable results by the AP-PCR.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QR Microbiology / mikrobiológia
Depositing User: xFruzsina xPataki
Date Deposited: 11 Sep 2017 06:18
Last Modified: 11 Sep 2017 06:18
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/62129

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item