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Luminometric and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) studies on heat - and radiation inactivation of Bacillus Subtilis luxAB spores

Farkas, J. and Andrássy, É. and Formanek, Z. and Mészáros, L. (2002) Luminometric and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) studies on heat - and radiation inactivation of Bacillus Subtilis luxAB spores. Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica, 49 (1). pp. 141-150. ISSN 1217-8950

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Abstract

A bioluminescent derivative of Bacillus subtilis containing a plasmid encoding a luxAB fusion under control of a vegetative promoter and gives bioluminescence upon addition of an exogenous long-chain aldehyde has been used as test organism. Its spore populations have been produced and their heat- and radiation survival curves established. Heat-sensitization effect of pre-irradiation of spores was proven not only by colony counting but also with differential scanning calorimetry. Under a linearly programmed temperature increase, the heat destruction of spores surviving 2.5 kGy gamma irradiation resulted in at a few centigrade lower temperature than that of untreated spores. Heat denaturation endotherms in the DSC-thermogram of irradiated spores were shifted to lower temperatures as well. Comparative turbidimetric, luminometric and phase-contrast microscopic studies of untreated, heat-treated and irradiated spore populations showed that the kinetics of germination and the light emission during germination of radiation-inactivated spores were the same as those of untreated spores, revealing that the pre-formed luciferase enzyme packaged into the spores during sporulation remained intact after an irradiation dose causing 90% decrease in number of colony forming spores. Therefore, in contrast to heat-treated spores, the initial bioluminescence reading upon germination of irradiated spores does not reflect the viable count of their population.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QR Microbiology / mikrobiológia
Depositing User: xFruzsina xPataki
Date Deposited: 11 Sep 2017 06:30
Last Modified: 11 Sep 2017 06:30
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/62149

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