REAL

Hydrogen sulfide inhibits the calcification and osteoblastic differentiation of vascular smooth muscle cells

Zavaczki, Erzsébet and Jeney, Viktória and Agarwal, Anupam and Zarjou, Abolfazl and Oros, Melinda and Katkó, Mónika and Varga, Zsuzsa and Balla, György and Balla, József (2011) Hydrogen sulfide inhibits the calcification and osteoblastic differentiation of vascular smooth muscle cells. Kidney International. pp. 731-739. ISSN 0085-2538

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Abstract

Osteoblastic differentiation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) is involved in the pathogenesis of vascular calcification. Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is a gas endogenously produced by cystathionine γ-lyase in VSMC. Here we determined whether H2S plays a role in phosphate-induced osteoblastic transformation and mineralization of VSMC. Hydrogen sulfide was found to inhibit calcium deposition in the extracellular matrix and to suppress the induction of the genes involved in osteoblastic transformation of VSMC: alkaline phosphatase, osteocalcin, and Cbfa1. Moreover, phosphate uptake and phosphate-triggered upregulation of the sodium-dependent phosphate cotransporter (Pit-1) were also prevented by H2S. Reduction of endogenous production of H2S by inhibition of cystathionine γ-lyase activity resulted in increased osteoblastic transformation and mineralization. Low plasma levels of H2S, associated with decreased cystathionine γ-lyase enzyme activity, were found in patients with chronic kidney disease receiving hemodialysis. Thus, H2S is a potent inhibitor of phosphate-induced calcification and osteoblastic differentiation of VSMC. This mechanism might contribute to accelerated vascular calcification in chronic kidney disease.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine / orvostudomány > RZ Other systems of medicine / orvostudomány egyéb területei
Depositing User: Dr. József Balla
Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2017 14:20
Last Modified: 13 Sep 2017 14:20
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/62382

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