Claudin peptidomimetics modulate tissue barriers for enhanced drug delivery

Dithmer, Sophie and Staat, Christian and Muller, Carolin and Ku, Min-Chi and Pohlmann,, Andreas and Niendorf, Thoralf and Gehne, Nora and Fallier-Becker, Petra and Kittel, Agnes and Walter, Fruzsina R. and Veszelka, Szilvia and Deli, Maria A. and Blasig, Rosel and Haseloff, Reiner F. and Blasig, Ingolf E. and Winkler, Lars (2017) Claudin peptidomimetics modulate tissue barriers for enhanced drug delivery. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. pp. 1-16. ISSN 0077-8923

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The blood–brain barrier (BBB) formed by themicrovascular endothelium limits cerebral drug delivery. The paraendothelial cleft is sealed by tight junctions (TJs) with a major contribution from claudin-5, which we selected as a target to modulate BBB permeability. For this purpose, drug-enhancer peptides were designed based on the first extracellular loop (ECL) of claudin-5 to allow transient BBB permeabilization. Peptidomimetics (C5C2 and derivatives, nanomolar affinity to claudin-5) size-selectively (�40 kDa) and reversibly (12–48 h) increased the permeability of brain endothelial and claudin-5–transfected epithelial cell monolayers. Upon peptide uptake, the number of TJ strand particles diminished, claudin-5 was downregulated and redistributed fromcell–cell contacts to the cytosol, and the cell shape was altered. Cellular permeability of doxorubicin (cytostatic drug, 580 Da) was enhanced after peptide administration. Mouse studies (3.5 �mol/kg i.v.) confirmed that, for both C5C2 and a d-amino acid derivative, brain uptake of Gd–diethylene-triamine penta-acetic acid (547 Da) was enhanced within 4 h of treatment. On the basis of our functional data, circular dichroism measurements, molecular modeling, and docking experiments, we suggest an associationmodel between �-sheets flanked by �-helices, formed by claudin-5 ECLs, and the peptides. In conclusion, we identified claudin-5 peptidomimetics that improve drug delivery through endothelial and epithelial barriers expressing claudin-5.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > Q1 Science (General) / természettudomány általában
Depositing User: Szilvia Veszelka
Date Deposited: 25 Sep 2017 10:37
Last Modified: 25 Sep 2017 10:38

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