Nervous system effects of dissolved and nanoparticulate cadmium in rats in subacute exposure

Horváth, Edina and Oszlánczi, Gábor and Máté, Zsuzsanna and Szabó, Andrea and Kozma, Gábor and Sápi, András and Kónya, Zoltán and Paulik, Edit and Nagymajtényi, László and Papp, András (2011) Nervous system effects of dissolved and nanoparticulate cadmium in rats in subacute exposure. JOURNAL OF APPLIED TOXICOLOGY, 31 (5). pp. 471-476. ISSN 0260-437X

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Cadmium, a toxic heavy metal with various applications in technology, can affect people both by environmental (foodborne) and occupational (inhalation) exposure and can cause nervous system damage. To model this, rats were subacutely treated either with CdCl2 solution per os (3.0 mg kg−1 b.w.) or nanoparticulate CdO2 (particle size ca 65 nm) by intratracheal instillation (0.04 mg kg−1 b.w.) alone or in sequential combination. Nervous system effects were observed at different levels of function (open field behavior, cortical electrical activity, nerve action potential) and some general toxicological indicators were also measured. Three weeks of oral plus one week of intratracheal exposure caused significant reduction of body weight gain and open field motility. Lengthening of latency of sensory evoked potentials, observed in all treated rats, was also the most significant in the group receiving oral plus intratracheal treatment. Conduction velocity of the tail nerve was likewise decreased in all treated groups. Several of the effects pointed to a potentiating interaction between the two forms of Cd. Modeling environmental and occupational Cd exposure by oral and intratracheal application in rats was feasible, with results suggesting serious negative health effects in humans suffering such a combined exposure.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine / orvostudomány > RC Internal medicine / belgyógyászat > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry / idegkórtan, neurológia, pszichiátria
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 05 Sep 2013 15:14
Last Modified: 05 Sep 2013 15:14

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