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Unique Cardiac Purkinje Fiber Transient-Outward Current Beta-Subunit Composition: A Potential Molecular Link to Idiopathic Ventricular Fibrillation.

Xiao, Ling and Koopmann, Tamara T. and Ördög, Balázs and Postema, Pieter G. and Verkerk, Arie O. and Iyer, Vivek and Sampson, Kevin J. and Boink, Gerard J. J. and Mamarbachi, Maya A. and Varró, András and Jordaens, Luc and Res, Jan and Kass, Robert S. and Wilde, Arthur A. and Bezzina, C. R. and Nattel, Stanley (2013) Unique Cardiac Purkinje Fiber Transient-Outward Current Beta-Subunit Composition: A Potential Molecular Link to Idiopathic Ventricular Fibrillation. CIRCULATION RESEARCH, 112 (10). pp. 1310-1322. ISSN 0009-7330

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Abstract

Rationale: A chromosomal-haplotype producing cardiac overexpression of dipeptidyl peptidase-like protein-6 (DPP6) causes familial idiopathic ventricular fibrillation (IVF). The molecular basis of transient-outward current (Ito) in Purkinje fibers (PFs) is poorly understood. We hypothesized that DPP6 contributes to PF Ito and that its overexpression might specifically alter PF Ito-properties and repolarization. Objective: To assess the potential role of DPP6 in PF-Ito. Methods and Results: Clinical data in 5 IVF-patients suggested arrhythmia-origin in the PF conducting-system. PF and ventricular-muscle (VM) Ito had similar density, but PF Ito differed from VM in having tetraethylammonium-sensitivity and slower recovery. DPP6-overexpression significantly increased, whereas DPP6-kockdown reduced, Ito-density and tetraethylammonium-sensitivity in canine PF, but not VM-cells. The K+-channel interacting beta-subunit KChIP2, essential for normal expression of transient outward current (Ito) in VM, was weakly-expressed in human PFs, whereas DPP6 and frequenin (NCS-1) were enriched. Heterologous expression of Kv4.3 in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO)-cells produced very small Ito; Ito-amplitude was greatly enhanced by co-expression with KChIP2 or DPP6. Co expression of DPP6 with Kv4.3 and KChIP2 failed to alter Ito versus Kv4.3/KChIP2 alone, but DPP6 expression with Kv4.3 and NCS-1 (to mimic PF Ito-composition), greatly enhanced Ito versus Kv4.3/NCS-1 and recapitulated characteristic PF kinetic/pharmacological properties. A mathematical model of cardiac PF action potentials showed that Ito-enhancement can greatly accelerate PF repolarization. Conclusions: These results point to a previously-unknown central role of DPP6 in PF Ito, with DPP6 gain-of-function selectively enhancing PF-current, and suggest that a DPP6-mediated PF early repolarization syndrome might be a novel molecular paradigm for some forms of IVF.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QH Natural history / természetrajz > QH301 Biology / biológia > QH3015 Molecular biology / molekuláris biológia
R Medicine / orvostudomány > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology / terápia, gyógyszertan
SWORD Depositor: MTMT SWORD
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 23 Sep 2013 13:13
Last Modified: 10 Nov 2013 00:15
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/6709

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