Carotenoids, versatile components of oxygenic photosynthesis.

Racskóné Domonkos, Ildikó and Kis, Mihály and Gombos, Zoltán and Ughy, Bettina (2013) Carotenoids, versatile components of oxygenic photosynthesis. PROGRESS IN LIPID RESEARCH, 52 (4). pp. 539-561. ISSN 0163-7827

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Carotenoids (CARs) are a group of pigments that perform several important physiological functions in all kingdoms of living organisms. CARs serve as protective agents, which are essential structural components of photosynthetic complexes and membranes, and they play an important role in the light harvesting mechanism of photosynthesizing plants and cyanobacteria. The protection against reactive oxygen species, realized by quenching of singlet oxygen and the excited states of photosensitizing molecules, as well as by the scavenging of free radicals, is one of the main biological functions of CARs. X-ray crystallographic localization of CARs revealed that they are present at functionally and structurally important sites of both the PSI and PSII reaction centers. Characterization of a CAR-less cyanobacterial mutant revealed that while the absence of CARs prevents the formation of PSII complexes, it does not abolish the assembly and function of PSI. CAR molecules assist in the formation of protein subunits of the photosynthetic complexes by gluing together their protein components. In addition to their aforementioned indispensable functions, CARs have a substantial role in the formation and maintenance of proper cellular architecture, and potentially also in the protection of the translational machinery under stress conditions.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information:
Uncontrolled Keywords: Carotenoid synthesis, Photosynthesis, NPQ, Membrane structure, OCP, Carotenoid–lipid interaction
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QH Natural history / természetrajz > QH301 Biology / biológia
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 30 Oct 2013 13:06
Last Modified: 30 Oct 2013 13:06

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