Cross-protection provided by live Shigella mutants lacking major antigens

Szijartó, Valéria and Hunyadi-Gulyás, Éva and Emődy, Levente and Pál, Tibor and Nagy, Gábor (2013) Cross-protection provided by live Shigella mutants lacking major antigens. International Journal of Medical Microbiology, 303 (4). pp. 167-175. ISSN 1438-4221

[img] Text
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (1MB) | Request a copy


The immune response elicited by Shigella infections is dominated by serotype-specific antibodies recognizing the LPS O-antigens. Although a marked antibody response to invasion plasmid antigens (Ipa-s) shared by all virulent strains is also induced, the varying level of immunity elicited by natural infections is serotype-restricted. Previous vaccines have tried to mimic and achieve this serotype-specific, infectioninduced immunity. As, however, the four Shigella species can express 50 different types of O-antigens, current approaches with the aim to induce a broad coverage use a mixture of the most common O-antigens combined in single vaccines. In the current study we present data on an alternative approach to generate immunity protective against multiple serotypes. Mutants lacking both major immune-determinant structures (i.e. the Ipa and O-antigens) were not only highly attenuated, but, unlike their avirulent counterparts still expressing these antigens, elicited a protective immune response to heterologous serotypes in a murine model. Evidence is provided that protection was mediated by the enhanced immunogenic potential of minor conserved antigens. Furthermore, the rough, non-invasive double mutants triggered an immune response different from that induced by the smooth, invasive strains regarding the isotype of antibodies generated. These non-invasive, rough mutants may represent promising candidates for further development into live vaccines for the prophylaxis of bacillary dysentery in areas with multiple endemic serotypes.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Shigella Cross-protection Live vaccine LPS Invasion plasmid Immune response
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QR Microbiology / mikrobiológia
Depositing User: Kata Berkes
Date Deposited: 26 Nov 2013 14:59
Last Modified: 26 Nov 2013 14:59

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item