Hungary: outward FDI and its policy context, 2012

Czakó, Erzsébet and Sass, Magdolna (2013) Hungary: outward FDI and its policy context, 2012. In: Inward and outward FDI country profiles: 2nd edition. Vale Columbia Center on Sustainable International Investment, New York, pp. 259-275.


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The period of significant growth of outward foreign direct investment (OFDI) from Hungary was interrupted in recent years. The global financial and economic crisis has brought considerable changes with  effects  on  Hungary’s  OFDI. The OFDI stock declined in 2010 after its impressive growth throughout 2000–2009, and the decline in OFDI flows that began in 2007 continued through 2010. However, recent data indicate a rise in both OFDI stock and flows in 2011. Hungary’s OFDI stock of  US$ 21 billion in 2010 continued to be highly concentrated in terms of the investing companies. These large multinational enterprises (MNEs) face the challenge of an international environment that is increasingly critical to their operations. Government policy and the institutional framework have changed to a great extent since 2010. In particular, the extent of state ownership in the most important outward investors has grown. In the policy field, the declared priorities focus on OFDI in new geographic areas and the promotion of the internationalization of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). The main question for the future of Hungarian OFDI remains that of how its sustainability can be assured, especially in terms of broadening the company base of OFDI.

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: H Social Sciences / társadalomtudományok > HJ Public Finance / államháztartás
Depositing User: Réka Sramek
Date Deposited: 06 Dec 2013 14:31
Last Modified: 06 Dec 2013 14:31

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