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Phrase-final Lengthening of Phonemically Short and Long Vowels in Hungarian Spontaneous Speech Across Ages

Gósy, Mária and Krepsz, Valéria (2018) Phrase-final Lengthening of Phonemically Short and Long Vowels in Hungarian Spontaneous Speech Across Ages. In: CHALLENGES IN ANALYSIS AND PROCESSING OF SPONTANEOUS SPEECH. MTA Nyelvtudományi Intézet, Budapest, pp. 99-126. ISBN 978-963-9074-75-0 (nyomtatott), 978-963-9074-76-7 (online)

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Abstract

Phrase-final lengthening may concern the vowels or the consonants of the phrase-final syllable, or the whole syllable. Vowel quantity as a phonemic distinction was also shown to interact with phrase-final lengthening. In this study we sought to explore temporal patterns of phrase-initial, phrase-medial and phrase-final, phonemically short and long vowels ([ɔ], [aː]) in words with diverse numbers of syllables focusing on possible differences between Hungarian-speaking young and old subjects. Spontaneous narratives of 10 young and 10 old speakers were randomly selected from the BEA database. Both phonemically short and long vowels were significantly longer in phrase-final positions than in phrase-medial positions in both age groups. Durations of vowels in phrase-medial positions were significantly shorter than those occurring in phrase-initial positions in young speakers’ speech while there were no differences in their durations between the two positions in old speakers’ speech. All speakers preserved the durational differences in all positions to avoid violating the phonemic patterns of the vowel system. Word length had a significant effect on vowel durations.

Item Type: Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords: lengthening, spontaneous speech, [ɔ] and [a:] vowels, young and old speakers
Subjects: P Language and Literature / nyelvészet és irodalom > P0 Philology. Linguistics / filológia, nyelvészet
Depositing User: Tekla Etelka Gráczi
Date Deposited: 11 Jul 2018 07:39
Last Modified: 11 Jul 2018 07:39
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/81363

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