The number of hotspots in three-dimensional numerical models of mantle convection

Galsa, A. and Cserepes, L. (2003) The number of hotspots in three-dimensional numerical models of mantle convection. Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica Hungarica, 38 (1). pp. 103-109. ISSN 1217-8977

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Thermal convection has been modelled in a 3D model box, in order to estimate the areal density of upwellings and compare it to the density of hotspots, assumed as surface imprints of the cylindrical upwellings of the mantle. The number of the hotspots of the Earth is 40 to 100. If this is translated to a nondimensional areal plume density, using the depth of the convecting layer as length unit, a value of 2-6 is obtained for whole-mantle convection, while this value is 0.04-0.10 for a separately convecting upper mantle. The nondimensional theoretical areal plume density has been found about 0.2-1.0 for reasonable numerical models of the mantle. The fact, that the theoretical value lies between the densities estimated for one- and two-layer mantle systems, supports the possibility of a mixed regime, where some of the plumes come from the base of the mantle, some others from the 660 km boundary.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > QE Geology / földtudományok > QE01 Geophysics / geofizika
Depositing User: Endre Sarvay
Date Deposited: 22 Jul 2018 10:11
Last Modified: 08 Sep 2018 08:28

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