Early detection of Angelman syndrome resulting from de novo paternal isodisomic 15q UPD and review of comparable cases

Ferdinandyné Horváth, Emese and Horváth, Zsuzsanna and Isaszegi, Dóra and Gergev, Gyurgyinka and Nagy, Nikoletta and Szabó, János and Sztriha, László and Széll, Márta and Börcsökné Endreffy, Emőke (2013) Early detection of Angelman syndrome resulting from de novo paternal isodisomic 15q UPD and review of comparable cases. MOLECULAR CYTOGENETICS, 6 (1). p. 35. ISSN 1755-8166


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BACKGROUND: Angelman syndrome is a rare neurogenetic disorder that results in intellectual and developmental disturbances, seizures, jerky movements and frequent smiling. Angelman syndrome is caused by two genetic disturbances: either genes on the maternally inherited chromosome 15 are deleted or inactivated or two paternal copies of the corresponding genes are inherited (paternal uniparental disomy). A 16-month-old child was referred with minor facial anomalies, neurodevelopmental delay and speech impairment. The clinical symptoms suggested angelman syndrome. The aim of our study was to elucidate the genetic background of this case. RESULTS: This study reports the earliest diagnosed angelman syndrome in a 16-month-old Hungarian child. Cytogenetic results suggested a de novo Robertsonian-like translocation involving both q arms of chromosome 15: 45,XY,der(15;15)(q10;q10). Molecular genetic studies with polymorphic short tandem repeat markers of the fibrillin-1 gene, located in the 15q21.1, revealed that both arms of the translocated chromosome were derived from a single paternal chromosome 15 (isodisomy) and led to the diagnosis of angelman syndrome caused by paternal uniparental disomy. CONCLUSIONS: AS resulting from paternal uniparental disomy caused by de novo balanced translocation t(15q;15q) of a single paternal chromosome has been reported by other groups. This paper reviews 19 previously published comparable cases of the literature. Our paper contributes to the deeper understanding of the phenotype-genotype correlation in angelman syndrome for non-deletion subclasses and suggests that patients with uniparental disomy have milder symptoms and higher BMI than the ones with other underlying genetic abnormalities.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: PMC PMC3846355
Uncontrolled Keywords: Robertsonia; speech disorder; short tandem repeat; Robertsonian chromosome translocation; rare disease; priority journal; preschool child; Metaphase; Male; human; happy puppet syndrome; genotype phenotype correlation; gene location; face malformation; Early Diagnosis; developmental disorder; chromosome translocation 15; chromosome rearrangement; Chromosome Deletion; chromosome analysis; chromosome 15q; Child; case report; ARTICLE; fibrillin 1; uniparental disomy; Isodisomic 15; Balanced translocation chromosome 15q; Angelman syndrome
Subjects: R Medicine / orvostudomány > R1 Medicine (General) / orvostudomány általában
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 23 Aug 2018 11:29
Last Modified: 23 Aug 2018 11:29

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