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Ecotoxicity and fungal deterioration of recycled polypropylene/wood composites: Effect of wood content and coupling

Sudár, András and López, Maria J. and Keledi, Gergely and Vargas-García, María del Carmen and Suárez-Estrella, Francisca and Moreno, Joaquín and Burgstaller, Christoph and Pukánszky, Béla (2013) Ecotoxicity and fungal deterioration of recycled polypropylene/wood composites: Effect of wood content and coupling. CHEMOSPHERE, 93 (2). pp. 408-414. ISSN 0045-6535

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Abstract

Polypropylene (PP)/wood composites were produced by homogenization in a twin-screw extruder and injection molding of tensile bars. Their mechanical properties were determined before and after exposure to biological treatment, and the effect of the treatment was assessed by various ways including visual inspection and the measurement of weight loss. The ecotoxicity of the materials was also evaluated by using the bioluminescent bacteria Vibrio fischeri. The results proved that wood facilitates biodeterioration (colonization) under the conditions used. The coupling agents do not have inhibitory effect, but seems to stimulate fungal growth (biodeterioration) at large loads of wood flour. PP/wood composites can be considered quite durable, but the influence of wood content on environmental resistance must be taken into account for materials intended for applications requiring long-term outdoor exposure as the time of exposure to microbial colonization increases. Direct ecotoxic effect on aquatic ecosystems cannot be expected from PP/wood composites.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > Q1 Science (General) / természettudomány általában
T Technology / alkalmazott, műszaki tudományok > T2 Technology (General) / műszaki tudományok általában
Depositing User: Dr. János/J Móczó
Date Deposited: 07 Jan 2014 15:06
Last Modified: 07 Jan 2014 15:06
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/8417

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