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Structure of a TRPM2 channel in complex with Ca2+ explains unique gating regulation

Zhang, Zhe and Tóth, Balázs and Szöllősi, András and Chen, Jue and Csanády, László (2018) Structure of a TRPM2 channel in complex with Ca2+ explains unique gating regulation. eLife. ISSN ESSN: 2050-084X

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Abstract

Transient receptor potential melastatin 2 (TRPM2) is a Ca2+-permeable cation channel required for immune cell activation, insulin secretion, and body heat control. TRPM2 is activated by cytosolic Ca2+, phosphatidyl-inositol-4,5-bisphosphate and ADP ribose. Here, we present the ~3 A° resolution electron cryo-microscopic structure of TRPM2 from Nematostella vectensis, 63% similar in sequence to human TRPM2, in the Ca2+-bound closed state. Compared to other TRPM channels, TRPM2 exhibits unique structural features that correlate with its function. The pore is larger and more negatively charged, consistent with its high Ca2+ selectivity and larger conductance. The intracellular Ca2+ binding sites are connected to the pore and cytosol, explaining the unusual dependence of TRPM2 activity on intra- and extracellular Ca2+. In addition, the absence of a post- filter motif is likely the cause of the rapid inactivation of human TRPM2. Together, our cryo-EM and electrophysiology studies provide a molecular understanding of the unique gating mechanism of TRPM2.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science / természettudomány > Q1 Science (General) / természettudomány általában
R Medicine / orvostudomány > R1 Medicine (General) / orvostudomány általában
Depositing User: dr. András Szöllősi
Date Deposited: 25 Sep 2018 11:58
Last Modified: 25 Sep 2018 11:58
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/85169

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