An evaluation of the various aspects of the progress in clinical applications of laser driven ionizing radiation

Hideghéty, K. and Szabó, E. R. and Polanek, R. and Szabó, Z. and Ughy, B. and Brunner, S. and Tőkés, L. (2017) An evaluation of the various aspects of the progress in clinical applications of laser driven ionizing radiation. JOURNAL OF INSTRUMENTATION, 12 (3). pp. 1-12. ISSN 1748-0221

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There has been a vast development of laser-driven particle acceleration (LDPA) using high power lasers. This has initiated by the radiation oncology community to use the dose distribution and biological advantages of proton/heavy ion therapy in cancer treatment with a much greater accessibility than currently possible with cyclotron/synchrotron acceleration. Up to now, preclinical experiments have only been performed at a few LDPA facilities; technical solutions for clinical LDPA have been theoretically developed but there is still a long way to go for the clinical introduction of LDPA. Therefore, to explore the further potential bio-medical advantages of LDPA has pronounced importance. The main characteristics of LDPA are the ultra-high beam intensity, the flexibility in beam size reduction and the potential particle and energy selection whilst conventional accelerators generate single particle, quasi mono-energetic beams. There is a growing number of studies on the potential advantages and applications of Energy Modulated X-ray Radiotherapy, Modulated Electron Radiotherapy and Very High Energy Electron (VHEE) delivery system. Furthermore, the ultra-high space and/or time resolution of super-intense beams are under intensive investigation at synchrotrons (microbeam radiation and very high dose rate (> 40 Gy/s) electron accelerator flash irradiation) with growing evidence of significant improvement of the therapeutic index. Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT) is an advanced cell targeted binary treatment modality. Because of the high linear energy transfer (LET) of the two particles (7Li and 4He) released by 10BNC reaction, all of the energy is deposited inside the tumour cells, killing them with high probability, while the neighbouring cells are not damaged. The limited availability of appropriate neutron sources, prevent the more extensive exploration of clinical benefit of BNCT. Another boron-based novel binary approach is the 11B-Proton Fusion, which result in the release of three high LET alpha particles. These promising, innovative approaches for cancer therapy present huge challenges for dose calculation, dosimetry and for investigation of the biological effects. The planned LDPA (photons, VHEE, protons, carbon ions) at ELI facilities has the unique property of ultra-high dose rate (> Gy/s-10), short pulses, and at ELI-ALPS high repetition rate, have the potential to develop and establish encouraging novel methods working towards compact hospital-based clinical applications. © 2017 IOP Publishing Ltd and Sissa Medialab srl.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: RADIOTHERAPY; Quasi-mono-energetic beams; Particle acceleration; Modulated electron radiotherapies; Innovative approaches; High linear energy transfers; Extensive explorations; Boron Neutron Capture Therapy; Pulse repetition rate; Positive ions; Particle Accelerators; Oncology; Neutrons; Negative ions; ionizing radiation; Ion sources; High power lasers; Energy transfer; Electrons; Electron cyclotron resonance; DISEASES; Cyclotrons; CARBON; boron; Bins; Acceleration; Radiotherapy concepts; neutron sources; Ion sources (positive ions, negative ions, electron cyclotron resonance (ECR), electron beam (EBIS)); Accelerator Applications
Subjects: R Medicine / orvostudomány > R1 Medicine (General) / orvostudomány általában > R850-854 Experimental medicine / kisérleti orvostudomány
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 25 Sep 2018 07:56
Last Modified: 25 Sep 2018 07:56

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