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Methods from Areal Linguistics for the Study of Political Culture in the Baltic States

Földvári, Sándor (2016) Methods from Areal Linguistics for the Study of Political Culture in the Baltic States. In: V Міждисциплінарні гуманітарні читання, 2016.10.19-2016.10.19, Kyiv.

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Abstract

Since Arnold Toynbee drew a model of civilizations as living entities, more and more phenomena has gained their description within the framework of the notion of different « cultural spheres ». It became an axial concept in social sciences. – The Baltic Area as such, was borrowed from the linguistics when J. Gy. Décsi divided the wide Scando-Baltic language union (the concept had been worked out by R. Jakobson) into three narrow ones. A similar process can be seen in description of the Baltic cultures. Especially in the late eighties of the last century, the Baltic countries (then parts of the former Soviet Union) were addressed as a single and cultural unit as an integral whole. It was very logical in that political situation. Later the investigations on the contemporary folklore in wider sense, and social sciences too, focused on the specific phenomena of particular regions. Thus, the political behavior is to be a subject of comparative researches, too. As for the historical time, the belles-lettres are to be taken into consideration, too, since the realistic novels by Lithuanian Mykolaitis-Putinas or Estonian Tammsaare contain much utilizable matter as sources for the study of the political behavior, too. After the Baltic states retrieved their independence, the free press can be regarded as the main source for this topic. Including media, too, in able-to-be-cited form (internet-accessed files), a survey is to be done in the paper on the local/national features of the political behavior in the three Baltic states. According to the concept of the language areas –which has mainly been treated by Jakobson, Décsy, and Skalička–, two or more non-relative languages constitute a language area (Sprachbund, language union), if and only if the same meaning is to be expressed by very similar means. These means, significant for the same sense, are called isoglosses. For example, the narrative verb mode is an isogloss for the Baltic language union, linking the Estonian with the Latvian and Lithuanian, distinguishing them from the other Finno-Ugric and Indo-European languages, respectively. Therefore, certain cultural areas may be drawn like language areas. For instance, in the field of the political culture, two different social units or nations or geopolitical regions may represent the same cultural area, if and only if the similar kinds of conflicts are to be managed by similar means. - How it is reflected in the Baltic prosa (mainly fiction), it is to be analysed within the framework of the paper.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (UNSPECIFIED)
Additional Information: In.: Borâk G V (szerk.), Blanuca A V (szerk.), Gurbyk A O (szerk.), Kononenko V P (szerk.), Segeda V V (szerk.): V Міждисциплінарні гуманітарні читання. Kyiv: Nacionalna Akademia Nauk Ukraini, 2016. Konferencia helye, ideje: Kyiv, Ukrajna, 2016.10.19.-2016.10.19.
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation / földrajz, antropológia, kikapcsolódás > G Geography (General) / Földrajz általában
J Political Science / politológia > JA Political science (General) / politológia általában
SWORD Depositor: MTMT SWORD
Depositing User: MTMT SWORD
Date Deposited: 25 Sep 2018 19:56
Last Modified: 25 Sep 2018 19:56
URI: http://real.mtak.hu/id/eprint/85362

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